Drug: ampicillin

Common side effects of ampicillin include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, abdominal pain, rash, itching, headache, confusion and dizziness. Patients with a history of allergic reactions to other penicillins should not receive ampicillin. Persons who are allergic to the cephalosporin class of antibiotics, which are related to the penicillins may or may not be allergic to penicillins [for example, cefaclor (Ceclor), cephalexin (Keflex), and cefprozil (Cefzil)]. Serious but rare reactions include seizures, severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), and low platelet or red blood cell count. Ampicillin can alter the normal bacteria in the colon and encourage overgrowth of some bacteria such as Clostridium difficile which causes inflammation of the colon (pseudomembranous colitis). Patients who develop signs of pseudomembranous colitis after starting ampicillin (diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, and possibly shock) should contact their physician immediately. Reference: FDA Prescribing Information REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

Yes

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

Capsules: 250 and 500 mg. Powder oral suspension: 125 and 250 mg/5mL. Powder for injection: 250 mg, 500 mg, 1g, and 2 g.

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

Capsules and powder should be kept at room temperature from 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). After mixing the powder with water, it can be used for up to seven days if stored at room temperature or 14 days if refrigerated. It must be shaken before each use and should be kept well-sealed.

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

The usual oral dose range for most infections is 250 to 500 mg 4 times daily for 7-14 days. Injectable doses range from 250 to 2000 mg  4 times daily. When used to treat gonorrhea, a single 3.5 gram dose (seven 500 mg capsules) is administered with 1 g probenecid (Benemid). The probenecid slows down the elimination of ampicillin so that ampicillin remains in the body longer. Food in the stomach reduces how much and how quickly ampicillin is absorbed. Therefore, ampicillin should be taken either 1 hour prior to or 2 hours following a meal for maximal absorption; however, for persons who experience nausea or stomach distress after taking ampicillin, it may be taken with meals.

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

Ampicillin is excreted in breast milk and may cause diarrhea or allergic responses in nursing infants. If ampicillin is used during pregnancy, the potential benefit of ampicillin for the mother should be weighed against the potential risk of side effects in the infant. Ampicillin is used for treating infants.

Source: http://www.medicinenet.com

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