Drug: Argatroban

Argatroban is a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor and the chemical name is 1-[5[(aminoiminomethyl)amino]1-oxo-2-[[(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-methyl-8-quinolinyl)sulfonyl]amino]pentyl]-4methyl-2-piperidinecarboxylic acid, monohydrate. Argatroban has 4 asymmetric carbons. One of the asymmetric carbons has an R configuration (stereoisomer Type I) and an S configuration (stereoisomer Type II). Argatroban consists of a mixture of R and S stereoisomers at a ratio of approximately 65:35. The molecular formula of argatroban is C23H36N6O5S•H2O. Its molecular weight is 526.66 g/mol. The structural formula is: Argatroban Injection is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, clear, colorless to pale yellow isotonic solution. It is supplied in a single use polyolefin bag containing 250 mg of argatroban in 250 mL sodium chloride solution (1 mg/mL). Each mL contains 1 mg argatroban, 9 mg sodium chloride, USP, and 3 mg sorbitol, NF in water for injection, USP. The pH of the solution is between 3.2 to 7.5.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse event rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse Events In Patients With HIT (With Or Without Thrombosis) The following safety information is based on all 568 patients treated with argatroban in Study 1 and Study 2. The safety profile of the patients from these studies is compared with that of 193 historical controls in which the adverse events were collected retrospectively. Adverse events are separated into hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic events. Major bleeding was defined as bleeding that was overt and associated with a hemoglobin decrease ≥ 2 g/dL, that led to a transfusion of ≥ 2 units, or that was intracranial, retroperitoneal, or into a major prosthetic joint. Minor bleeding was overt bleeding that did not meet the criteria for major bleeding. Table 4 gives an overview of the most frequently observed hemorrhagic events, presented separately by major and minor bleeding, sorted by decreasing occurrence among argatroban-treated patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis). Table 4: Major and Minor Hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patients With HIT*
Major Hemorrhagic Eventsa   Argatroban-Treated Patients (Study 1 and Study 2)
(n = 568) % Historical Controlc
(n =193) % Overall bleeding 5.3 6.7 Gastrointestinal 2.3 1.6 Genitourinary and hematuria 0.9 0.5 Decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit 0.7 0 Multisystem hemorrhage and DIC 0.5 1 Limb and BKA stump 0.5 0 Intracranial hemorrhage 0b 0.5 Minor Hemorrhagic Eventsa   Argatroban-Treated Patients (Study 1 and Study 2)
(n = 568) % Historical Controlc
(n = 193) % Gastrointestinal 14.4 18.1 Genitourinary and hematuria 11.6 0.8 Decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit 10.4 0 Groin 5.4 3.1 Hemoptysis 2.9 0.8 Brachial 2.4 0.8 *with or without thrombosis
a Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.
b One patient experienced intracranial hemorrhage 4 days after discontinuation of argatroban and following therapy with urokinase and oral anticoagulation.
c The historical control group consisted of patients with a clinical diagnosis of HIT (with or without thrombosis) that were considered eligible by an independent medical panel. DIC = disseminated intravascular coagulation. BKA = below-the-knee amputation. Table 5 gives an overview of the most frequently observed non-hemorrhagic events sorted by decreasing frequency of occurrence ( ≥ 2%) among argatroban-treated HIT/HITTS patients. Table 5: Non-hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patientsa With HITb
  Argatroban-Treated Patients (Study 1 and Study 2)
(n = 568) % Historical Controlc
(n = 193) % Dyspnea 8.1 8.8 Hypotension 7.2 2.6 Fever 6.9 2.1 Diarrhea 6.2 1.6 Sepsis 6 12.4 Cardiac arrest 5.8 3.1 Nausea 4.8 0.5 Ventricular tachycardia 4.8 3.1 Pain 4.6 3.1 Urinary tract infection 4.6 5.2 Vomiting 4.2 0 Infection 3.7 3.6 Pneumonia 3.3 9.3 Atrial fibrillation 3 11.4 Coughing 2.8 1.6 Abnormal renal function 2.8 4.7 Abdominal pain 2.6 1.6 Cerebrovascular disorder 2.3 4.1 a Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.
b with or without thrombosis
cThe historical control group consisted of patients with a clinical diagnosis of HIT (with or without thrombosis) that were considered eligible by an independent medical panel. Adverse Events In Patients With Or At Risk For HIT Patients Undergoing PCI The following safety information is based on 91 patients initially treated with argatroban and 21 patients subsequently re-exposed to argatroban for a total of 112 PCIs with argatroban anticoagulation. Adverse events are separated into hemorrhagic (Table 6) and non-hemorrhagic (Table 7) events. Major bleeding was defined as bleeding that was overt and associated with a hemoglobin decrease ≥ 5 g/dL, that led to a transfusion of ≥ 2 units, or that was intracranial, retroperitoneal, or into a major prosthetic joint. The rate of major bleeding events in patients treated with argatroban in the PCI trials was 1.8%. Table 6: Major and Minor Hemorrhagic Adverse Events in Patients With HIT Undergoing PCI
Major Hemorrhagic Eventsa   Argatroban-Treated Patients
(n = 112)b % Retroperitoneal 0.9 Gastrointestinal 0.9 Intracranial 0 Minor Hemorrhagic Eventsa   Argatroban-Treated Patients
(n = 112)b % Groin (bleeding or hematoma) 3.6 Gastrointestinal (includes hematemesis) 2.6 Genitourinary (includes hematuria) 1.8 Decrease in hemoglobin and/or hematocrit 1.8 CABG (coronary arteries) 1.8 Access site 0.9 Hemoptysis 0.9 Other 0.9 a Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.
b 91 patients who underwent 112 interventions. CABG = coronary artery bypass graft. Table 7 gives an overview of the most frequently observed non-hemorrhagic events ( > 2%), sorted by decreasing frequency of occurrence among argatroban-treated PCI patients. Table 7: Non-hemorrhagic Adverse Eventsa in Patients With HIT Patients Undergoing PCI
  Argatroban Proceduresa
(n = 112)b % Chest pain 15.2 Hypotension 10.7 Back pain 8 Nausea 7.1 Vomiting 6.3 Headache 5.4 Bradycardia 4.5 Abdominal pain 3.6 Fever 3.6 Myocardial infarction 3.6 a Patients may have experienced more than 1 adverse event.
b 91 patients who underwent 112 interventions. There were 22 serious adverse events in 17 PCI patients (19.6% in 112 interventions). Table 8 lists the serious adverse events occurring in argatroban-treated patients with or at risk for HIT undergoing PCI. Table 8: Serious Adverse Events in Patients With HIT Undergoing PCIa
Coded Term Argatroban Proceduresb
(n =112) Myocardial infarction 4 (3.5%) Angina pectoris 2 (1.8%) Coronary thrombosis 2 (1.8%) Myocardial ischemia 2 (1.8%) Occlusion coronary 2 (1.8%) Chest pain 1 (0.9%) Fever 1 (0.9%) Retroperitoneal hemorrhage 1 (0.9%) Aortic stenosis 1 (0.9%) Arterial thrombosis 1 (0.9%) Gastrointestinal hemorrhage 1 (0.9%) Gastrointestinal disorder (GERD) 1 (0.9%) Cerebrovascular disorder 1 (0.9%) Lung edema 1 (0.9%) Vascular disorder 1 (0.9%) a Individual events may also have been reported elsewhere (see Tables 6 and 7).
b 91 patients underwent 112 procedures. Some patients may have experienced more than 1 event. Intracranial Bleeding In Other Populations Increased risks for intracranial bleeding have been observed in investigational studies of argatroban for other uses. In a study of patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving both argatroban and thrombolytic therapy (streptokinase or tissue plasminogen activator), the overall frequency of intracranial bleeding was 1% (8 out of 810 patients). Intracranial bleeding was not observed in 317 subjects or patients who did not receive concomitant thrombolysis [see DRUG INTERACTIONS]. The safety and effectiveness of argatroban for cardiac indications other than PCI in patients with HIT have not been established. Intracranial bleeding was also observed in a prospective, placebo-controlled study of argatroban in patients who had onset of acute stroke within 12 hours of study entry. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was reported in 5 of 117 patients (4.3%) who received argatroban at 1 to 3 mcg/kg/min and in none of the 54 patients who received placebo. Asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 5 (4.3%) and 2 (3.7%) of the patients, respectively. Allergic Reactions One hundred fifty-six allergic reactions or suspected allergic reactions were observed in 1,127 individuals who were treated with argatroban in clinical pharmacology studies or for various clinical indications. About 95% (148/156) of these reactions occurred in patients who concomitantly received thrombolytic therapy (e.g., streptokinase) or contrast media. Allergic reactions or suspected allergic reactions in populations other than patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis) include (in descending order of frequency):
  • Airway reactions (coughing, dyspnea): 10% or more
  • Skin reactions (rash, bullous eruption): 1 to < 10%
  • General reactions (vasodilation): 1 to 10%
Limited data are available on the potential formation of drug-related antibodies. Plasma from 12 healthy volunteers treated with argatroban over 6 days showed no evidence of neutralizing antibodies. No loss of anticoagulant activity was noted with repeated administration of argatroban to more than 40 patients. Read the Argatroban (argatroban injection) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Each 250 mL polyolefin bag contains 250 mg of argatroban (1 mg/mL); and, as supplied, is ready for intravenous infusion. Dilution is not required. Argatroban Injection is a clear, colorless to pale yellow solution. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit. Do not use if the solution is cloudy, contains precipitates, or if the flip-off seal is not intact. Dosing In Patients With Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia Initial Dosage Before administering Argatroban Injection, discontinue heparin therapy and obtain a baseline aPTT. The recommended initial dose of Argatroban Injection for adult patients without hepatic impairment is 2 mcg/kg/min, administered as a continuous infusion (see Table 1). Table 1: Recommended Doses and Infusion Rates for 2 mcg/kg/min Dose of Argatroban Injection for Patients With HITa and Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)
Body Weight (kg) Dose (mcg/min) Infusion Rate (mL/hr) 50 100 6 60 120 7 70 140 8 80 160 10 90 180 11 100 200 12 110 220 13 120 240 14 130 260 16 140 280 17 awith or without thrombosis Monitoring Therapy For use in HIT, therapy with Argatroban Injection is monitored using the aPTT with a target range of 1.5 to 3 times the initial baseline value (not to exceed 100 seconds). Tests of anticoagulant effects (including the aPTT) typically attain steady-state levels within 1 to 3 hours following initiation of Argatroban Injection. Check the aPTT 2 hours after initiation of therapy and after any dose change to confirm that the patient has attained the desired therapeutic range. Dosage Adjustment After the initiation of Argatroban Injection, adjust the dose (not to exceed 10 mcg/kg/min) as necessary to obtain a steady-state aPTT in the target range [see Clinical Studies]. Dosing In Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Initial Dosage Initiate an infusion of Argatroban Injection at 25 mcg/kg/min and administer a bolus of 350 mcg/kg via a large bore intravenous line over 3 to 5 minutes (see Table 2). Check an activated clotting time (ACT) 5 to 10 minutes after the bolus dose is completed. The PCI procedure may proceed if the ACT is greater than 300 seconds. Dosage Adjustment If the ACT is less than 300 seconds, an additional intravenous bolus dose of 150 mcg/kg should be administered, the infusion dose increased to 30 mcg/kg/min, and the ACT checked 5 to 10 minutes later (see Table 2). If the ACT is greater than 450 seconds, decrease the infusion rate to 15 mcg/kg/min, and check the ACT 5 to 10 minutes later (Table 3). Continue titrating the dose until a therapeutic ACT (between 300 and 450 seconds) has been achieved; continue the same infusion rate for the duration of the PCI procedure. In case of dissection, impending abrupt closure, thrombus formation during the procedure, or inability to achieve or maintain an ACT over 300 seconds, additional bolus doses of 150 mcg/kg may be administered and the infusion dose increased to 40 mcg/kg/min. Check the ACT after each additional bolus or change in the rate of infusion. Table 2: Recommended Starting and Maintenance Doses (Within the Target ACT Range) of Argatroban Injection in Patients Undergoing PCI Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)
Body Weight (kg) Starting Bolus Dose (350 mcg/kg) Starting and Maintenance Continuous Infusion Dosing For ACT 300 to 450 seconds 25 mcg/kg/min Bolus Dose (mcg) Bolus Volume (mL) Continuous Infusion Dose (mg/min) Continuous Infusion Rate (mL/hr) 50 17500 18 1250 75 60 21000 21 1500 90 70 24500 25 1750 105 80 28000 28 2000 120 90 31500 32 2250 135 100 35000 35 2500 150 110 38500 39 2750 165 120 42000 42 3000 180 130 45500 46 3250 195 140 49000 49 3500 210 NOTE: 1 mg = 1000 mcg; 1 kg = 2.2 lbs Table 3: Recommended Dose Adjustments of Argatroban Injection for Patients Outside of ACT Target Range Undergoing PCI Without Hepatic Impairment (1 mg/mL Concentration)
Body Weight (kg) If ACT Less than 300 seconds Dosage Adjustment† 30 mcg/kg/min If ACT Greater than 450 seconds Dosage Adjustment* 15 mcg/kg/min Additional Bolus Dose (mcg) Bolus Volume (mL) Continuous Infusion Dose (mcg/min) Continuous Infusion Rate (mL/hr) Continuous Infusion Dose (mcg/min) Continuous Infusion Rate (mL/hr) 50 7500 8 1500 90 750 45 60 9000 9 1800 108 900 54 70 10500 11 2100 126 1050 63 80 12000 12 2400 144 1200 72 90 13500 14 2700 162 1350 81 100 15000 15 3000 180 1500 90 110 16500 17 3300 198 1650 99 120 18000 18 3600 216 1800 108 130 19500 20 3900 234 1950 117 140 21000 21 4200 252 2100 126 NOTE: 1 mg = 1000 mcg; 1 kg = 2.2 lbs
† Additional intravenous bolus dose of 150 mcg/kg should be administered if ACT less than 300 seconds.
* No bolus dose is given if ACT greater than 450 seconds Monitoring Therapy For use in PCI, therapy with Argatroban Injection is monitored using ACT. Obtain ACTs before dosing, 5 to 10 minutes after bolus dosing, following adjustments in the infusion rate, and at the end of the PCI procedure. Obtain additional ACTs every 20 to 30 minutes during a prolonged procedure. Continued Anticoagulation after PCI If a patient requires anticoagulation after the procedure, Argatroban Injection may be continued, but at a rate of 2 mcg/kg/min and adjusted as needed to maintain the aPTT in the desired range [see Dosing in Patients with Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia]. Dosing In Patients With Hepatic Impairment For adult patients with HIT and moderate or severe hepatic impairment (based on Child-Pugh classification), an initial dose of 0.5 mcg/kg/min is recommended, based on the approximately 4-fold decrease in argatroban clearance relative to those with normal hepatic function. Monitor the aPTT closely, and adjust the dosage as clinically indicated. Monitoring Therapy Achievement of steady-state aPTT levels may take longer and require more dose adjustments in patients with hepatic impairment compared to patients with normal hepatic function. For patients with hepatic impairment undergoing PCI and who have HIT or are at risk for HIT, carefully titrate Argatroban Injection until the desired level of anticoagulation is achieved. Use of Argatroban Injection in PCI patients with clinically significant hepatic disease or AST/ALT levels greater than or equal to 3 times the upper limit of normal should be avoided [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Dosing In Pediatric Patients With Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia/Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia And Thrombosis Syndrome Initial Dosage Initial argatroban infusion doses are lower for seriously ill pediatric patients compared to adults with normal hepatic function [see Use in Specific Populations]. Monitoring Therapy In general, therapy with argatroban is monitored using the aPTT. Tests of anticoagulant effects (including the aPTT) typically attain steady-state levels within one to three hours following initiation of argatroban in patients without hepatic impairment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS] . Dose adjustment may be required to attain the target aPTT. Check the aPTT two hours after initiation of therapy and after any dose change to confirm that the patient has attained the desired therapeutic range. Dosage Adjustment: [see Use in Specific Populations] Conversion To Oral Anticoagulant Therapy Initiating Oral Anticoagulant Therapy When converting patients from argatroban to oral anticoagulant therapy, consider the potential for combined effects on International Normalized Ratio (INR). To avoid prothrombotic effects and to ensure continuous anticoagulation when initiating warfarin, overlap Argatroban Injection and warfarin therapy. There are insufficient data available to recommend the duration of the overlap. Initiate therapy using the expected daily dose of warfarin. A loading dose of warfarin should not be used. The relationship between INR and bleeding risk is altered when argatroban and warfarin are coadministered. The combination of argatroban and warfarin does not cause further reduction in the vitamin K–dependent factor Xa activity than that which is seen with warfarin alone. The relationship between INR obtained on combined therapy and INR obtained on warfarin alone is dependent on both the dose of argatroban and the thromboplastin reagent used. The INR value on warfarin alone (INRW) can be calculated from the INR value on combination argatroban and warfarin therapy [see DRUG INTERACTIONS and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY] . Coadministration of Warfarin and Argatroban Injection at Doses Up to 2 mcg/kg/min Measure INR daily while Argatroban Injection and warfarin are coadministered. In general, with doses of Argatroban Injection up to 2 mcg/kg/min, Argatroban Injection can be discontinued when the INR is greater than 4 on combined therapy. After Argatroban Injection is discontinued, repeat the INR measurement in 4 to 6 hours. If the repeat INR is below the desired therapeutic range, resume the infusion of Argatroban Injection and repeat the procedure daily until the desired therapeutic range on warfarin alone is reached. Coadministration of Warfarin and Argatroban Injection at Doses Greater than 2 mcg/kg/min For doses greater than 2 mcg/kg/min, the relationship of INR between warfarin alone to the INR on warfarin plus argatroban is less predictable. In this case, in order to predict the INR on warfarin alone, temporarily reduce the dose of Argatroban Injection to a dose of 2 mcg/kg/min. Repeat the INR on Argatroban Injection and warfarin 4 to 6 hours after reduction of the Argatroban Injection dose and follow the process outlined above for administering Argatroban Injection at doses up to 2 mcg/kg/min.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Heparin If argatroban is to be initiated after cessation of heparin therapy, allow sufficient time for heparin's effect on the aPTT to decrease prior to initiation of argatroban therapy. Oral Anticoagulant Agents Pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions between argatroban and warfarin (7.5 mg single oral dose) have not been demonstrated. However, the concomitant use of argatroban and warfarin (5 to 7.5 mg initial oral dose, followed by 2.5 to 6 mg/day orally for 6 to 10 days) results in prolongation of the prothrombin time (PT) and International Normalized Ratio (INR) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Aspirin/Acetaminophen No drug-drug interactions have been demonstrated between argatroban and concomitantly administered aspirin or acetaminophen [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Thrombolytic Agents The safety and effectiveness of argatroban with thrombolytic agents have not been established [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Antagonists The safety and effectiveness of argatroban with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists have not been established. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/30/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia Argatroban Injection is indicated for prophylaxis or treatment of thrombosis in adult patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Argatroban Injection is indicated as an anticoagulant in adult patients with or at risk for HIT undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Argatroban is contraindicated in:
  • Patients with major bleeding,
  • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to argatroban. Airway, skin, and generalized hypersensitivity reactions have been reported [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Last reviewed on RxList: 12/30/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Excessive anticoagulation, with or without bleeding, may be controlled by discontinuing argatroban or by decreasing the argatroban dose. In clinical studies, anticoagulation parameters generally returned from therapeutic levels to baseline within 2 to 4 hours after discontinuation of the drug. Reversal of anticoagulant effect may take longer in patients with hepatic impairment. No specific antidote to argatroban is available; if life-threatening bleeding occurs and excessive plasma levels of argatroban are suspected, discontinue argatroban immediately and measure aPTT and other coagulation parameters. When argatroban was administered as a continuous infusion (2 mcg/kg/min) prior to and during a 4-hour hemodialysis session, approximately 20% of argatroban was cleared through dialysis. Single intravenous doses of argatroban at 200, 124, 150, and 200 mg/kg were lethal to mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs, respectively. The symptoms of acute toxicity were loss of righting reflex, tremors, clonic convulsions, paralysis of hind limbs, and coma.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Dosage Forms And Strengths Argatroban Injection is supplied in a single use polyolefin bag containing 250 mg argatroban in 250 mL aqueous sodium chloride solution (1 mg/mL). The solution is ready for intravenous infusion. Storage And Handling Argatroban Injection is supplied as a single use polyolefin bag containing 250 mg argatroban in 250 mL of aqueous sodium chloride solution (1 mg/mL). The polyolefin bag has a single port which is sealed with a rubber stopper and flip-off seal, and is stored in an aluminum foil overpouch with clear window. NDC 0703-0020-32 one carton containing 5 polyolefin bags of Argatroban Injection (each bag contains 250 mg of argatroban). Storage Store the bag in its original carton at 20° to 25° C (68° to 77°F) (see USP Controlled Room Temperature). Do not freeze. Retain in the original carton to protect from light. Manufactured In Hungary By: Teva Pharmaceutical Works Ltd. Hungary, H-2100 Godollo Tancsics M. ut 82 Hungary. Manufactured For: Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Sellersville, PA 18960. Issued. 11/2014 Last reviewed on RxList: 12/30/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Risk Of Hemorrhage Hemorrhage can occur at any site in the body in patients receiving argatroban. An unexplained fall in hematocrit or hemoglobin or a fall in blood pressure should lead to consideration of a hemorrhagic event. Argatroban Injection should be used with extreme caution in disease states and other circumstances in which there is an increased danger of hemorrhage. These include severe hypertension; immediately following lumbar puncture; spinal anesthesia; major surgery, especially involving the brain, spinal cord, or eye; hematologic conditions associated with increased bleeding tendencies such as congenital or acquired bleeding disorders and gastrointestinal lesions such as ulcerations. Concomitant use of argatroban with antiplatelet agents, thrombolytics, and other anticoagulants may increase the risk of bleeding. Use In Hepatic Impairment Use caution when administering argatroban to patients with hepatic impairment by starting with a lower dose and carefully titrating until the desired level of anticoagulation is achieved. Upon cessation of argatroban infusion in the hepatically impaired patient, full reversal of anticoagulant effects may require longer than 4 hours due to decreased clearance and increased elimination half-life of argatroban [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Use of argatroban in PCI patients with clinically significant hepatic disease or AST/ALT levels ≥ 3 times the upper limit of normal should be avoided. Laboratory Tests Anticoagulation effects associated with argatroban infusion at doses up to 40 mcg/kg/min correlate with increases of the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Although other global clot-based tests including prothrombin time (PT), the International Normalized Ratio (INR), and thrombin time (TT) are affected by argatroban, the therapeutic ranges for these tests have not been identified for argatroban therapy. In clinical trials in PCI, the activated clotting time (ACT) was used for monitoring argatroban anticoagulant activity during the procedure. The concomitant use of argatroban and warfarin results in prolongation of the PT and INR beyond that produced by warfarin alone [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Nonclinical Toxicology Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility Carcinogenicity studies with argatroban have not been performed. Argatroban was not genotoxic in the Ames test, the Chinese hamster ovary cell (CHO/HGPRT) forward mutation test, the Chinese hamster lung fibroblast chromosome aberration test, the rat hepatocyte, and WI-38 human fetal lung cell unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) tests, or the mouse micronucleus test. Argatroban at intravenous doses up to 27 mg/kg/day (0.3 times the recommended maximum human dose based on body surface area) had no effect on fertility and reproductive function of male and female rats. Use In Specific Populations Pregnancy Pregnancy Category B There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of argatroban use in pregnant women. Developmental studies performed in rats with argatroban at intravenous doses up to 27 mg/kg/day (0.3 times the maximum recommended human dose, based on body surface area) and in rabbits at intravenous doses up to 10.8 mg/kg/day (0.2 times the maximum recommended human dose, based on body surface area) have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus. Because animal reproductive studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Nursing Mothers It is not known whether argatroban is excreted in human milk. Argatroban is detected in rat milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from argatroban, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. Pediatric Use The safety and effectiveness of argatroban, including the appropriate anticoagulation goals and duration of therapy, have not been established among pediatric patients. Argatroban was studied among 18 seriously ill pediatric patients who required an alternative to heparin anticoagulation. Most patients were diagnosed with HIT or suspected HIT. Age ranges of patients were < 6 months, n = 8; six months to < 8 years, n = 6; 8 to 16 years, n = 4. All patients had serious underlying conditions and were receiving multiple concomitant medications. Thirteen patients received argatroban solely as a continuous infusion (no bolus dose). Dosing was initiated in the majority of these 13 patients at 1 mcg/kg/min. Dosing was titrated as needed to achieve and maintain an aPTT of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value. Most patients required multiple dose adjustments to maintain anticoagulation parameters within the desired range. During the 30-day study period, thrombotic events occurred during argatroban administration to two patients and following argatroban discontinuation in three other patients. Major bleeding occurred among two patients; one patient experienced an intracranial hemorrhage after 4 days of argatroban therapy in the setting of sepsis and thrombocytopenia. Another patient completed 14 days of argatroban treatment in the study, but experienced an intracranial hemorrhage while receiving argatroban following completion of the study treatment period. When argatroban is used among seriously ill pediatric patients with HIT/HITTS who require an alternative to heparin and who have normal hepatic function, initiate a continuous infusion of argatroban at a dose of 0.75 mcg/kg/min. Initiate the infusion at a dose of 0.2 mcg/kg/min among seriously ill pediatric patients with impaired hepatic function [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Check the aPTT two hours after the initiation of the argatroban infusion and adjust the dose to achieve the target aPTT. These dose recommendations are based upon a goal of aPTT prolongation of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value and avoidance of an aPTT > 100 seconds. Increments of 0.1 to 0.25 mcg/kg/min for pediatric patients with normal hepatic function and increments of 0.05 mcg/kg/min or lower for pediatric patients with impaired hepatic function may be considered but dose selection must take into account multiple factors including the current argatroban dose, the current aPTT, target aPTT, and the clinical status of the patient. These dose recommendations are based upon a goal of aPTT prolongation of 1.5 to 3 times the baseline value and avoidance of an aPTT > 100 seconds. Geriatric Use Of the total number of subjects (1340) in clinical studies of argatroban, 35% were 65 and over. In the clinical studies of adult patients with HIT (with or without thrombosis), the effectiveness of argatroban was not affected by age. No trends were observed across age groups for both aPTT and the ACT. The safety analysis did suggest that older patients tended to have an increased incidence of events compared to younger patients; however, older patients had increased underlying conditions, which may predispose them to events. The studies were not sized appropriately to detect differences in safety between age groups. Hepatic Impairment Dose reduction and careful titration are required when administering argatroban to patients with hepatic impairment. Reversal of anticoagulation effect may be prolonged in this population [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/30/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Health Services in Toronto

Drug Database Online

Welcome to WebHealthNetwork an online drug guide and dictionary, here you can get drug information and definitaions for most popular pharmaceutical and medicinal drugs, and specifically Argatroban. Find what medications you are taking today.