What are the treatments for Kidney Transplant?

The kidneys have several important functions in the body.
  • They filter wastes from the bloodstream and maintain the balance of electrolytes in the body.
  • They remove chemical and drug by-products and toxins from the blood.
  • They eliminate these substances and excess water as urine.
  • They secrete hormones that regulate the absorption of calcium from food (and thus bone strength), the production of red blood cells (thus preventing anemia), and the amount of fluid in the circulatory system (and thus blood pressure).
When blood enters the kidneys, it is first filtered through structures called glomeruli. The second step is filtering through a series of tubules called nephrons.
  • The tubules both remove unwanted substances and reabsorb useful substances back into the blood.
  • Each of the kidneys contains several million nephrons, which cannot be restored if they are damaged.

    Source: http://www.emedicinehealth.com