Clinical Trial: Visual Oral Examination for Early Detection of Oral Cancer in High-Risk Individuals

Study Status: COMPLETED
Recruit Status: COMPLETED

Official Title: Visual Oral Examination in Primary Health Care for Early Detection of Oral Cancer: Targeting High-Risk Individuals in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro

Brief Summary:

Oral cancer (OC) is a public health problem in Brazil, with high morbidity and mortality, mainly associated with late diagnosis, which implies high-cost treatments and great social impact, with aesthetic and functional sequelae.
Smokers and alcoholics are at increased risk for the disease, being early detection the most effective way to increase survival.
In Brazil, cancer plan recommends early diagnosis of OC through opportunistic examination, which is carried out during regular visits to the dentist.
However, this strategy has not yet been able to reverse the late diagnosis, which may be due to the low access to dental appointments by the most vulnerable groups.
Studies point to the effectiveness of the preventive physical examination of the mouth for early detection when directed to the high-risk population.
The aim of the present study is to compare different strategies aimed at expanding the access of the high-risk population to preventive physical examination of the mouth.
A cluster-randomized trial (control group and experimental groups I and II) will be carried out in Primary Health Care units in Programmatic Area 5.2 of the city of Rio de Janeiro (eight neighborhoods in the West Zone).

In the control group, there will be no change in current care.
In both experimental groups, Community Agents and health professionals will be trained in OC prevention and instructed to call the users with high-risk for OC to the preventive examination of the mouth at the health unit.
After 6 months, in experimental group I, an active search will be carried out for users who did not show up for the preventive examination, while in experimental group II, a campaign on OC will be carried out for a month, inviting the population to the preventive examination.
After one year, the number of people at increased risk for OC examined in each group will be compared and correlated with sociodemographic and clinicopathological variables.